Contains HM Land Registry data © Crown copyright and database right 2020. This data is licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

GU1 area guide

Postcode district: GU1

Location

The GU1 postcode district lies within or includes part of the following towns, counties, localities, electoral wards and stations: Burpham, Christchurch, Friary and St Nicolas, Guildford, Holy Trinity, Merrow, Slyfield Industrial Estate, Stoke, Surrey, Worplesdon.

History

Saxon settlers founded Guilford shortly after the Romans departed from Britain around 410 AD. The “Guild” part in Guilford’s name is supposedly from the word ‘Gold’ and refers to the golden shade of sand found on the banks of the River Wey. Guildford Castle afforded military control of the important east-west route across England. The original Saxon fortress was rebuilt to overawe the conquered population who came under the control of William the Conqueror following his victory at the Battle of Hastings. In 1598, a court case referred to a sport called ‘kreckett’ being played at a school in Guildford, and the documentation is given credit as the first recorded instance of cricket in the English language. The Hospital of Holy Trinity was founded by George Abbot in 1691, and the almshouse became one of the finest in England. The construction of the Wey Navigation in 1653 considerably improved Guildford’s economic relations, as the town’s businesses were now able to access the Thames, allowing for more trade.During the period from 1820-1865, the Guy Riots took place in Guildford; consisting of a group that entered the town on the 5th of November carrying clubs and lit torches with the intention of inflicting injury and damaging property to those who had crossed them the previous year. One of the dark clouds in Guildford’s history is the 1974 pub bombing that resulted in the deaths of four soldiers and a civilian. The suspects, known as the Guildford Four, were imprisoned a year later.

Present

The market town of Guildford is currently a bustling English town with a population of around 66,000—26,000 of whom reside in postcode district GU1. According to Channel Four Television’s “The Best and Worst Places to live in the UK”, Guildford was ranked the 9th best place to live in 2006, and still remains one of the most expensive places to live in the UK outside of London. According to the Financial Times, four of the top 500 global companies have a considerable presence in the town; Vodafone, Mitsubishi, Colgate-Palmolive, and Electronic Arts have helped the town become a business centre, including a hub for video game production. One of the most expensive streets is Northdown Lane, which holds large detached homes with spacious gardens, some with tennis courts or swimming pools. Homes on this street can be bought for around £2,200,000. Fort Road offers similar types of property, where detached multi-bedroom homes are valued around £1,300,000.More affordable property in Guildford can be seen along roads like Marigold Court, where flats are valued at around £100,000. Cedars Court offers semi-detached homes valued at an average of £120,000.